Chapter Abbreviation Key:
CF = Capital Facilities; ED = Economic Development; HO = Housing; LU = Land Use; PR = Parks & Recreation; UT = Utilities; XP = Transportation
Support land use patterns that:
Maintain or enhance community levels of service.
Foster the long-term fiscal health of the community.
Maintain and enhance resident quality of life.
Promote compatible, well-designed development.
Implement goals and policies of the comprehensive plan, related master plan and/or facility plans.
Are compatible with FAFB and airport overlay areas.
Support a walkable and bikeable City.
Provide a range of housing types and options.
Support living wage employment opportunities for its residents.
Encourage travel demand reduction through use of mixed-use residential, commercial, and institutional development.
Advance multimodal facilities to reduce reliance on single-occupancy vehicles.
Promote connectivity between developments.
LU, HO, XP, PR, ED
Apply or revise zoning designations with careful consideration of factors including:
Future land use mapping.
Compatibility with surrounding land uses.
Restrictions in FAFB and airport overlay areas.
Infrastructure and service plans.
Existing and future traffic patterns are supported through a street network classified by function that enforces multimodal design standards on the City and private development.
Goals and policies of the Comprehensive Plan, related Master Plan, and/or Facility Plans.
Housing needs and affordability for all income ranges.
Economic development and implementation of the Downtown Plan.
Implementation of the Industrial Sub-Area Plan.
LU, XP, PR, HO, CF
Maintain concurrency between the Comprehensive Plan Land Use Element and available funding, ensuring efficient and timely levels of service (LOS) provision.
To maintain mobility that allows for existing vehicle movements while balancing the need to support traffic growth within a developing community, the City will maintain a concurrency/LOS mobility standard consistent with those proscribed by Airway Heights Traffic Impact Study Standard Guidelines, and required through Airway Height Municipal Code 14.09 for Transportation Concurrency.
LU, CF, XP, PR
Ensure identification and siting of essential public facilities (EPFs) comply with state criteria, including RCW 36.70A.200, RCW 71.09.020(14), Office of Financial Management (OFM) EPF listings, and Countywide Planning Policies for Spokane County.
Encourage development patterns that provide suitably-scaled, daily needs services within ¼ mile of residential areas, allowing a measure of independence for those who cannot or choose not to drive.
Identify small-scale neighborhood commercial sites that are suitable to service existing and planned residential development. These should be located along transit corridors.
Ensure access to STA transit access is within ¼-mile of multifamily and large-scale single-family residential centers.
Ensure access to parks within the 10 minute or ¼ mile of residential areas.
Promote connectivity between developments.
Rezone areas suitable for neighborhood commercial development following public outreach engagement.
Assess, plan, and implement multi-modal transportation needs for neighborhood commercial areas.
Promote the development of park spaces, including pocket parks, trails, multi-use paths, and more.
LU, XP, PR, HO
Plan for compact, pedestrian-oriented development patterns in neighborhoods and commercial areas.
Develop and maintain design standards for pedestrian-oriented environment.
Ensure access to STA transit within ¼-mile of multifamily and large-scale single-family residential centers.
Promote the integration of pedestrian-friendly designs into subdivisions, incorporating features such as landscape boulevards, buffers, street art, “pocket” parks, traffic control measures, and pedestrian/bicycle infrastructure, such as benches and bike racks.
Require private developments to conduct bicycle and pedestrian analyses, along with traffic impact analyses, as determined by the City engineer during scope sessions.
Enforce Multimodal Level of Service (LOS) goals for private development, incentivizing compliance by offering reductions in the City traffic impact fee for meeting these standards. (See Transportation Section for multimodal LOS standards/definition.)
Develop new pedestrian-oriented design standards that will support missing middle housing development and human-scaled neighborhood design with an emphasis on ground-related housing.
Initiate discussions with SR 2 commercial owners regarding signs and design standards (including street trees) and the need for public intervention in the rejuvenation of SR 2.
Develop design guidelines for commercial development on SR 2 which is pedestrian friendly, encourages a grouping of like activities, and is architecturally consistent.
LU, XP, HO
Require, when possible, traditional residential development patterns, typically featuring:
Housing that faces the street edge.
Utilization of alleys for parking and service access.
An interconnected grid or small-block street network of 300~350-foot-long blocks.
Extension of the arterial and grid street network applied to all development.
Cul-de-sac and curvilinear street patterns should be limited.
Street sections designed for safety, traffic calming, and aesthetic appeal, including narrower lanes, sidewalks, bike facilities, landscaping, and lighting.
Review the development code and best practices to identify updates to the development standards to reinforce traditional residential development patterns.
Update development standards in the zoning code to implement traditional residential development patterns.
Update the public works standards to require connections by development to the existing street network and extend the grid street network into undeveloped and urban growth areas.
LU, XP, HO
Encourage compatible infill development and redevelopment of vacant and under-utilized properties within City limits, ensuring compatibility with FAFB and airport overlay areas.
Review the development code and best practices to identify infill development standards including lot sizes, access to the roadway and utilities, and design standards for housing for missing middle and high-density housing consistent with the Downtown Plan.
Update development standards in the zoning code to implement small-lot development standards and redevelopment in high-density areas consistent with the Downtown Plan.
Develop a Geographic Information System (GIS) inventory and a Capital Improvement Program (CIP) or Transportation Improvement Program (TIP) strategy to address the infill of missing sidewalks along undeveloped sites, ensuring enhanced pedestrian and bicycle mobility and safety.
LU, HO, ED, XP
Prioritize location of schools in areas with:
Access to arterial and collector streets.
Ample sidewalks, bike, and pedestrian access.
Proximity to residential areas being served.
Cost-effective access to necessary utilities and services.
Locations with multiple street access.
LU, XP, HO, CF
Prioritize location of new industrial development in areas that provide:
Close proximity to major transportation corridors including in the industrial sub-area and along 21st Avenue.
Siting near existing industrial uses, where possible.
Cost-effective access to utilities and services.
Access to transit to reduce employee vehicle trips.
Paved roadway access to arterials.
Ability to minimize trucking through residential areas.
LU, XP, HO, CF, UT
Ensure new industrial uses near residential areas do not create noise, odor, air, or visual pollution beyond that normally associated with residential uses.
With Spokane County and service providers, coordinate development patterns and the transportation network in Airway Heights’ Urban Growth Area (UGA), helping prevent adverse consequences for future incorporation.
Prohibit UGA (Urban Growth Area) boundary adjustments that impose excessive burdens on Airway Heights citizens for extending utilities or transportation infrastructure.
Require adjacent agencies or private developments to conduct infrastructure needs assessments for land development projects seeking incorporation into the Airway Heights UGA, ensuring the identification and acceptance by City officials of adequate utility or transportation mitigations before incorporating new development.
LU, XP, PR
Ensure that adequate land is available for future housing needs, helping serve residents of all ages, incomes, and abilities through provision of diverse housing types and price levels.
Monitor land availability and build out results for housing developments to ensure housing goals are being accomplished.
Initiate urban growth area modifications as needed to address housing. Annex urban growth areas as needed and able to be served.
Encourage housing developments to front on streets or open space and promote clustering of units in new residential development to enhance service efficiencies and create opportunities for shared open space, landscaping, and creative approaches to shared parking solutions.
Ensure regulations apply equally to site-built and manufactured housing types.
Consider location of multi-family development in areas that:
Can be integrated into existing neighborhood development patterns, ensuring compatibility in building scale and neighborhood character, replicating neighborhood design elements, and supporting a pedestrian-friendly environment. Examples include: limiting number of units in buildings limiting the building height to 1-2 stories requiring buildings to be along street frontages, creating a clear entrance and space related to the street requiring differing building forms built on a neighborhood block scale such as mixes of duplex, triplex, fourplex, courtyard apartments, townhomes and cluster housing.
Can be designed to minimize large surface parking lots and promote shared parking, requiring parking on the interior of the site, behind buildings.
Provide a transition between higher- and lower-intensity development patterns.
Are appropriate and compatible with existing land uses.
Are part of projects involving mixed-use or master-planned areas.
Have convenient access to STA transit via use of pedestrian and/or bike accommodations (i.e. sidewalk, pathways, bike lanes, etc.)
Have access to a collector or arterial.
Do not concentrate multifamily developments in an area of the city, but rather distributes them throughout the community to avoid concentrations.
HO, LU, XP
Coordinate all long-range community planning objectives with Fairchild Air Force Base (FAFB), minimizing or eliminating operational or land use conflicts.
LU, XP, ED, CF
Provide timely, professional, and efficient processing of building permits, development review, and municipal code administration.
Work towards compliance with accessibility requirements in accordance with Americans with Disability Act (ADA).
CF, LU, XP
Guide annexation decisions by and considering:
Master plans for water, sewer, transportation, parks, and emergency services.
Provision of necessary rights-of-way and easements.
Studies that evaluate environmental and public service factors.
Timing that supports orderly development and/or coordinated extension of public services.
Comprehensive Plan goals and policies.
LU, XP, PR, CF
With Spokane County, base determination of Urban Growth Area (UGA) limits considering:
Land use forecast and demands.
Future service capabilities.
Ground and surface water provision and quality.
Protection of public health.
LU, CF, XP, UT
Protect the appearance and natural functions of critical areas in Airway Heights, using best available science (BAS) to protect functions and values, developing criteria including grading, setback, and vegetation disturbance.
Provide storm water collection and treatment through use of landscaped infiltration areas and encourage the use of new or improved technology whenever practical.
Update regulations to enable a broader range of housing opportunities.
Revise development regulations to expand the types of housing that are permitted in the residential zones with a focus on “missing middle” housing such as accessory dwelling units, townhouses, cottage housing, courtyard apartments, triplexes, and fourplexes.
Combine the low- and medium-density land use categories to provide for a greater variety of housing opportunities.
Actively mix housing and commercial uses in and near the Downtown as depicted in the Downtown Plan to provide higher quality, lower cost housing.
Reduce parking requirements for mixed-uses, especially those designed to serve low-income or senior citizen residents.
Eliminate redundant and unnecessary requirements for development regulations and standards.
Review existing and proposed building and development regulations, standards, and permitting processes to increase regulatory efficiency.
In the Downtown, integrate a mixture of housing options including affordable and “missing middle” housing.
Promote new development concepts in housing, retail, restaurants, and the arts, such as mixed-use development, incubators, maker spaces, and other lower-cost start-up spaces for local entrepreneurs.
Actively pursue housing developments within the downtown subarea and along US-2 that support “missing middle” markets such as young professionals, first-time homebuyers, and downsizing households.
Ensure land use designations, zoning, subdivision, and development standards are supportive of mixed housing and downtown redevelopment.
Evaluate the feasibility for a mixed-use housing pilot project.